Formative Assessment Quizzes with Google Forms
The purpose of formative assessment is not to put a grade in the gradebook. When we are teaching we want to collect evidence and data as to how the students are understanding the material. We then use that evidence to form or change what we do next. Formative assessment can take many shapes: observations, checks for understanding, asking questions, and quizzes. I am against putting grades in the gradebook for formative assessment. (Note, Edsby allows teachers to record formative assessment in the gradebook but does not count it against the grade.)
Google Forms Quiz
An excellent tool for formative assessment is Google Forms. Good formative assessment allows you to be quickly responsive to student needs. Google Forms gives you the data from students instantly after they press submit. Since all student answers are together in one spreadsheet it is easy to quickly get a snapshot of how the students are understanding.
While Google Forms is excellent for formative assessment, it is not a full functioning quiz tool. Features such as multiple versions, question banks, setting a time limit, etc… are not currently features of Google Forms. The advantage is the ability to quickly create a formative assessment, rapidly respond to data, and it is stored in Google Drive for easy access.
UPDATE: As of July 2016, Google Forms has added new features to add grading capabilites to your formative assessments made in Google Forms. Click on the settings cog when creating a Google Form to enable.
Alternatively, you can create a Google Form by going to forms.google.com.
Create a Google Form quiz fast by using alicekeeler.com/form.
Google Form Settings
The settings for the new Google Forms interface is now located under the settings cog. I highly recommend you click on the settings cog every time you create a Google Form. By default the Form is restricted to users on the domain. If you are using Google Classroom to distribute your Form, this is a non issue. The students will be logged into the domain in order to use Google Classroom. If you are not distributing the Form through Google Classroom I recommend changing “Who can respond?” to “Anyone.”
1) By default, if you are on a Google Apps Domain, the Form requires students to be on the domain to fill out the Form. There are advantages and disadvantages to using the checkbox. If you are a 1:1 classroom, requiring login helps you know who filled out the Form. The downside is it can take longer for students to fill out the Form if they are not logged into their accounts. Parents are also not able to view the Form.
2) When the settings are set to be restricted to the domain, the option to collect “respondent’s username” is visible. This is great for identifying the student who submitted the form and also for emailing back feedback. Warning: If you select this option, students will have the option to have their answers emailed to them, you may not want this.
3) If students are logged in you can restrict them to only taking the quiz one time. There are many reasons a student may make a mistake and have to fill out the quiz a second time. Since Google Forms automatically collects the timestamp of when the student submitted I will simply not count multiple submissions.
4) The option to edit responses after submitted gets complicated. Students have to retain their specialized link and be logged in for this option to work. In general, I do not recommend using this option.
5) There are very few reasons you would want to display the summary of results to the students. The second option shows the answers of the other students. This is helpful when voting on homecoming theme, not as helpful when the Google Form is being used as a quiz.
6) “Show link to submit another response” gives the student the option to take the quiz again. If students are sharing a device having this link available makes it easy for the next student to take the quiz.
8) Since we are using the Google Form as a quiz it makes sense to want to scramble the question order. This will randomly place the questions asking for the student’s name and other demographic information. Since formative assessment is intended to quickly respond to students understanding it might make more sense that everyone’s question #3 is the same. This makes it easier to say “Okay, many of you struggled with question #3, let’s go over this together.” If the question order is scrambled, it is more challenging to refer to the questions the students took.
Title the Quiz
Giving the quiz a title will also name the Google Form the same name IF you click on “untitled form” after titling the quiz. You can edit the Form name to be different than the quiz title. Below the quiz title is a place for “Form description.” Use this box to give students directions or information they need to fill out the quiz.
Create a Question
1) The “Question Title” is what is displayed to the student on the Google Form and is used as the column header in the spreadsheet.
2) The default question type is multiple choice. Click on box that says “Multiple Choice” to choose a different question type. You can change any question to a different format at any time.
3) Add additional options to the multiple choice question.
4) Use the “Required question” checkbox to require all questions. The advantage to doing this, besides ensuring that students answer all questions, is it helps prevent students from accidentally submitting the form prematurely.
The “Hint text” is only displayed to the student, it does not show in the spreadsheet. This can be used to give clarifying directions about the question.
Creating sections (pages) in the Google Form allows you to create branching questions based on the students answer.
Shuffle option order scrambles the answer choices in that question.
Use Control Shift Enter to create a new question.
No need to click on “Add option” when creating a multiple choice question. Instead use the Tab key and start typing.
Use Control Shift K to move a question up.
No Rich Text
Google Forms does not support rich text editing. This means your questions and answers can not contain bold, underline, italics, emoticons or images.
Additional QuestionsClick Here for information on question options.
1) Short answer: Creates a small text box for free response. You can have over 50,000 characters in a student response, most likely students will not exceed that.
2) Paragraph text: Creates a large text box for free response. The only difference between “text” and “paragraph text” is the size of the box.
3) Multiple choice: It is multiple choice. Only one answer can be selected. There is an option to allow the student to add “other.”
4) Checkboxes: Creates a multiple choice question. Students can select more than one answer. There is an option to allow the student to add “other.”
5) Dropdown: Is a multiple choice question; however, not all of the answer choices are visible until the student clicks on a drop-down menu. Only one answer choice can be selected. Use this option when you have more than 4 choices.
6) Linear scale: Rating scale. For example, on a scale of 1 to 10…
7) Multiple Choice grid: Creates a rubric style question. Allows students to evaluate multiple criteria against a scale. Note that you can not add the rubric text into the grid question.
8) Date: This forces students to submit an answer in a date format.
9) Time: This forces students to submit as a time format.
10) Section header: This is not a question type, but rather a formatting option. Break up the quiz into sections by inserting section headers.
Additional Form Items
1) Add a question.
3) Image: Images are important for formative assessment. While you can not insert images into the question themselves, you can insert images above the question. “Refer to the image above.” You can resize the image by clicking on the inserted image and grabbing the resizing handles. Adjust to desired size.
4) Video: You can insert a YouTube video into the Google Form. Currently, ONLY YouTube videos are supported at this time. This is great to use for flipped teaching. Embed a video into the Google Form and create questions to demonstrate that they watched the video.
5) Section break: This creates pages. If you have 50 questions on your quiz you may want to break it up into chunks. Creating sections (pages) also allows you to create branching questions. If students answer correctly they go to the next page. Answer incorrectly and they go to a page with an explanation of the incorrect answer.
Marking the Correct Answer
Google Forms is not a quiz tool. The ability to mark the right answer in Google Forms is not an option. Using the Flubaroo Add-On or writing formulas in the spreadsheet will allow you to score the questions.
Edit a Question
To edit any question, simply click on the question to return to edit mode.
Do not forget to include questions asking for: Student first name, student last name, student email address, student ID number, period or section.
Tip: Ask for first and last name separately. This allows you sort the spreadsheet alphabetically by last name.
The question order in a Google Form can be moved around. Click on a question to place it in edit mode. Hover over the top part of the question to reveal some “grippy dots.” Click and hold down on the grippy dots. Drag the question into place. Tip: It is significantly easier to move questions by using Control Shift K.
Notice at the end of the URL of the Form you are editing it says /edit. DO NOT SHARE THE /EDIT URL with the students. They will not be able to take the quiz.
You will notice that the quiz is now formatted nicely since you are no longer in edit view. This is the URL that you distribute to students. I use Control L to highlight the URL. Control C to copy the URL. In Google Classroom I will create an assignment and use the LINK option to link to the live view of the Google Form.
Send Form Button
Alternatively, you can click on the blue “Send form” button to obtain the sharing link. This pop up window will give you the link to share with students. Check the checkbox for Short Url to create a cleaner link to share. Use Control C to copy the link. You can also obtain the Embed code this way if you want to embed the form into your website.
Spreadsheet of Responses
Google Forms no longer automatically creates a spreadsheet for the Google Form. This must be manually done each time you create a Form. Click on the “Responses” tab and click on the green spreadsheet icon to create or view the spreadsheet.
View Summary of Responses
Click on the green spreadsheet icon under the “Responses” tab to view the spreadsheet.
As students submit the form the answers will populate in the spreadsheet. You can watch the answers roll in.
Delete Summary of Responses
Deleting the responses from the Form does NOT remove the answers from the spreadsheet. If you teach multiple sections and want to use the same Google Form for a formative assessment quiz, you will want to go to the EDIT view of the form. Under the “Responses” tab, locate the more options icon (3 dots) and choose
After each period, delete the responses from the Form. Use the summary of responses each period to make decisions on what are your next steps with those students. All student responses from all periods remain in the spreadsheet (if you created one). Information is not lost.
Formative Assessment Tips
My previous blog post on 8 Google Forms Formative Assessment Tips provides some additional tips that will help you to rock giving formative assessments.